Cellular telephone while driving cause more accidents:
In general, driver distraction is one of the leading causes of traffic accidents. Using and talking on a cellular phone requires a large amount of attention and can be a contributing factor to accidents. However, using a cellular telephone is one of many distractions a driver faces. In other words, concern about driver distraction should not be limited to cellular telephones.
skills does a driver use?
Skills needed by a driver include:
To use a cellular telephone, the operator also needs all of these skills:
- Visual – locating correct buttons, scanning screen
- Auditory – listening to conversation
- Bio mechanical – pressing buttons, holding phone
- Cognitive – engaging in conversation
Common causes of driver distraction:
It is not known how much distraction a driver can “handle” before he or she loses focus on the road. We probably have all seen examples of activities that can distract drivers such as:
- Reading (including looking at a map, book, etc.)
- Applying makeup/shaving
- Adjusting radio/cassette/CD/MP3, DVD players, climate, or other controls
- Adjusting features such as pedals or steering wheel
- Watching a person, object or event outside the vehicle
- Moving objects in the vehicle (food containers, insects, etc.)
- Talking with other people, especially if the driver turns to those in the back seat of the car
- Dialing and talking or texting on a cellular telephone, and
- Using CB radio or other communication devices
Newer in-vehicle technologies such as those below will only add to the demands on a driver:
- Advanced features of cellular phones and other wireless communication devices including Internet, e-mail, fax, etc. (mobile office)
- Other wireless devices such as laptop computers, palm pilots, etc.
- In-vehicle navigation systems (GPS systems, etc.), and
- Night vision systems
‘good’ driving tips:
Most importantly, pay attention. Accidents occur because drivers were not aware of the conditions around them. Be aware and know that distractions can come from many sources at any time.
- Be well rested.
- Do not consume alcohol, drugs, medications or other substances that may affect driving.
- Try not to think about personal or business matters, especially those that are upsetting.
- Do not use cellular phones or other devices if at all possible (including hands free devices).
- Stow belongings properly.
- Adjust seat, mirrors, steering wheel, climate controls, etc.
- Select a radio station or have the tape/CD in the player.
- Plan your route, check the map or read the directions.
- Pay attention.
- Keep distractions to a minimum (eating, drinking, smoking, adjustment to radio, cell phone use, etc.).
- Be aware of changing driving conditions such as the volume of traffic, weather, etc.
- Do not reach for items that have fallen or shifted unless absolutely necessary and can be done safely.
- Do not write notes while driving and/or talking.
If you must use the phone while the car is in motion:
- Avoid using the phone or device whenever possible (see below about laws banning devices).
- Have a voice mail option and allow it to pick up messages.
- Pull over to a safe location to take the call. Tell your caller you will phone them back after you have parked.
- Have a passenger answer or place the call.
- If allowed and if you must answer the phone while driving, keep the phone within easy reach.
- Use a hands free device (e.g., voice activation) but remember the conversation itself is still a distraction.
- Pre-program commonly used numbers.
- Pause conversations if driving conditions become hazardous (e.g., rain, snow, construction, heavy traffic).
- Do not participate in very emotional or stressful conversations while driving.
- Do not take notes or look up information while driving. Ask the person on the other end to make notes for you if necessary.
- Do not use the text feature on your phone while driving.
- Do not make gestures while talking and driving.